Arrested: Journalist and campaigner Masih Alinejad posted this picture of a woman called Shima Babei, who she claims was arrested yesterday in Tehran

Iranian women arrested for being in public without hijab

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Tehran police have arrested 29 women for appearing in public without a headscarf as protests against the dress code in force since the Islamic revolution of 1979 intensify, Iranian media reported Friday.

Those arrested were accused of public order offences and referred to the state prosecutor’s office, Iranian nnews agencies reported without elaborating.

Chief prosecutor Mohammad Jafar Montazeri had played down the escalating protests on Wednesday, saying they were ‘trivial’ and ‘childish’ moves possibly incited by foreigners.

Arrested: Journalist and campaigner Masih Alinejad posted this picture of a woman called Shima Babei, who she claims was arrested yesterday in Tehran

Arrested: Journalist and campaigner Masih Alinejad posted this picture of a woman called Shima Babei, who she claims was arrested yesterday in Tehran

Arrested: Journalist and campaigner Masih Alinejad posted this picture of a woman called Shima Babei, who she claims was arrested yesterday in Tehran

The original: Vida Movahed, 31, was arrested after taking off her hijab in public and standing on a telecoms box in Tehran in December - inspiring others to do the same

The original: Vida Movahed, 31, was arrested after taking off her hijab in public and standing on a telecoms box in Tehran in December - inspiring others to do the same

The original: Vida Movahed, 31, was arrested after taking off her hijab in public and standing on a telecoms box in Tehran in December – inspiring others to do the same

He had been asked about a woman detained earlier this week for standing on a pillar box in a busy street waving her headscarf on the end of a stick.

Unprecedented images more than a dozen women of protesting the same way had been widely shared on social media. 

Montazeri said those flouting ‘hijab’ rules – which require headscarves and modest clothing – must have been encouraged by outsiders.

But even religiously conservative Iranians have voiced support for the protests, with many saying that religious rules should be a personal choice.

At least two photos shared on Twitter on Wednesday showed women in traditional black chador robes, standing on pillar box with signs supporting freedom of choice for women.

One held a sign reading: ‘I love my hijab but I’m against compulsory hijab.’ 

Together: Two young women hold hands as they copy Vida Movahed in holding their headscarves out on sticks

Together: Two young women hold hands as they copy Vida Movahed in holding their headscarves out on sticks

Together: Two young women hold hands as they copy Vida Movahed in holding their headscarves out on sticks

Brave: A woman stands on a snowy street, holding her white scarf out in protest

Brave: A woman stands on a snowy street, holding her white scarf out in protest

Brave: A woman stands on a snowy street, holding her white scarf out in protest

Unexpected support: A woman wearing the chador is seen holding out a scarf in front of her in solidarity with women protesting the compulsory headscarf

Unexpected support: A woman wearing the chador is seen holding out a scarf in front of her in solidarity with women protesting the compulsory headscarf

Unexpected support: A woman wearing the chador is seen holding out a scarf in front of her in solidarity with women protesting the compulsory headscarf

On Monday, a woman named locally as Nargess Hosseini, was arrested after standing on an electricity box in central Tehran, waving her head scarf in front of her.

Journalist and campaigner Masih Alinejad, the founder of the White Wednesdays and My Stealthy Freedom movements, which fights the compulsory hijab in Iran, has claimed that Ms Hosseini’s bail has been set at a record-high level to detain others from protesting. 

‘While the law imposes a maximum of $12 or two months of jail time, the court has recently asked for a bail of $125,000 to release one of the newly detained women,’ Ms Alinejad posted on twitter Thursday. 

A prominent human rights lawyer told AFP on Tuesday that one of the detained women had her bail set at more than $100,000 (80,000 euros). 

Ms Hosseini was copying the brave stance of Vida Movahed, a 31-year-old mother-of-one whose protest and subsequent arrest a month ago is thought to have started the movement.

A video showing her calmly waving her white hijab tied to a stick above the crowds in the Iranian capital, went viral on social media.

Ms Movahed, who became known as The Girl In Enghelab Street, was released over the weekend, after spending a month in custody with her 20-month-daughter.   

An Iranian woman poses without her headscarf

An Iranian woman poses without her headscarf

Movement: This woman stood on the same pillar box as Ms Movahed, on Enghelab Street in Tehran, Iran

Being brave: Another Iranian woman with bright turquoise hair has taken off her head scarf and holds it out while standing in silence 

Being brave: Another Iranian woman with bright turquoise hair has taken off her head scarf and holds it out while standing in silence 

Being brave: Another Iranian woman with bright turquoise hair has taken off her head scarf and holds it out while standing in silence 

A young woman filmed during her protest  revealed that she was encouraged by passersby, who later helped her and stopped police from arresting her

A young woman filmed during her protest  revealed that she was encouraged by passersby, who later helped her and stopped police from arresting her

A young woman filmed during her protest  revealed that she was encouraged by passersby, who later helped her and stopped police from arresting her

Two for one: Two young women are seen holding out their headscarves at an unknown location in Iran this week

Two for one: Two young women are seen holding out their headscarves at an unknown location in Iran this week

Two for one: Two young women are seen holding out their headscarves at an unknown location in Iran this week

Copying: A woman as an unidentified street in Iran holds her white hijab out on a stick, mimicking the stance of Ms Movahed in solidarity and to protest enforced headscarves

Copying: A woman as an unidentified street in Iran holds her white hijab out on a stick, mimicking the stance of Ms Movahed in solidarity and to protest enforced headscarves

Copying: A woman as an unidentified street in Iran holds her white hijab out on a stick, mimicking the stance of Ms Movahed in solidarity and to protest enforced headscarves

Thousands of social media users shared messages of support after her disappearance, dubbing her the ‘Girl of Enghelab Street’ after the area in central Tehran where she staged the protest.

Iranian activists started a Twitter campaign using the hashtag #WhereIsShe, demanding that the government reveal what happened to her.

The campaign eventually went global both on and offline, with protesters at the recent Women’s March in the U.S. waving placards with the slogan.

Ms Movahed was protesting Iran’s Islamic law, which requires women to wear a headscarf and long clothes that cover the arms and legs.

The Islamic dress code, in place since the 1979 revolution, considers veiling obligatory for any female above 13 in Iran and says they should cover themselves from head to toe while disavowing any figure-hugging dress. 

Breaking the rules can result in fines of up to 500,000 rials (£17) and up to two months in prison. 

An unidentified woman stands on a snowy street holding her headscarf in the air using a stick

An unidentified woman stands on a snowy street holding her headscarf in the air using a stick

An unidentified woman stands on a snowy street holding her headscarf in the air using a stick

All for one: A woman stands on a concrete bench holding out her hijab as other women, with their heads covered, walk past behind her

All for one: A woman stands on a concrete bench holding out her hijab as other women, with their heads covered, walk past behind her

All for one: A woman stands on a concrete bench holding out her hijab as other women, with their heads covered, walk past behind her

The 31-year-old was praised after a video of her protest went viral on social media, but she was reportedly arrested shortly afterwards

The 31-year-old was praised after a video of her protest went viral on social media, but she was reportedly arrested shortly afterwards

The 31-year-old was praised after a video of her protest went viral on social media, but she was reportedly arrested shortly afterwards

Join the force: After initially being shared by human rights campaigners in Iran, the fight to find out the fate of the Girl of Enghelab Street went global

Join the force: After initially being shared by human rights campaigners in Iran, the fight to find out the fate of the Girl of Enghelab Street went global

Join the force: After initially being shared by human rights campaigners in Iran, the fight to find out the fate of the Girl of Enghelab Street went global

Support: Two participants in the Women's March in Boston, US hold up placards with the campaign slogan

Support: Two participants in the Women's March in Boston, US hold up placards with the campaign slogan

Support: Two participants in the Women’s March in Boston, US hold up placards with the campaign slogan

Reformist lawmaker Soheila Jelodarzadeh said the protests were a reaction to the harsh policies of the past.

‘Once upon a time we imposed restriction on women and put them under unnecessary pressure and that provoked these protests with women taking off their headscarves in the streets,’ she told ILNA.

‘It’s the result of our mistakes.’

President Hassan Rouhani, who came to power in 2013 promising a more moderate stance, has previously said it is not the job of police to enforce religious rules such as those forcing women to cover their hair. 

But in April 2016, officials said there were 7,000 undercover morality police reporting on things like ‘bad hijab’ – a blanket term usually referring to un-Islamic dress by women.

Figures are rarely given, but Tehran’s traffic police said in late 2015 they had dealt with 40,000 cases of bad hijab in cars, where women often let their headscarves drop around their necks.

These cases generally led to fines and a temporary impounding of the vehicle.   

The Girl of Enghelab Street: What she stood for

The woman who took her hijab off in public and waved it like a white flag in central Tehran, was protesting the Islamic dress code enforced on women in Iran.

The woman, reportedly a 31-year-old mother, broke the law by exposing her hair in public, risking arrest and fines.  

The Girl of Enghelab Street, nicknamed so because of the name of the road where she took her head-scarf off in protest, has spurred many other women in Iran to do the same. 

Missing: The unnamed woman was taking part in a women's movement called White Wednesdays, which protests the enforcing of strict Islamic dress codes in Iran

Missing: The unnamed woman was taking part in a women's movement called White Wednesdays, which protests the enforcing of strict Islamic dress codes in Iran

Missing: The unnamed woman was taking part in a women’s movement called White Wednesdays, which protests the enforcing of strict Islamic dress codes in Iran

Since her protest on December 27, she has become a symbol for Iranian women’s fight against compulsory hijab, with many sharing the video of her protest on social media and illustrations of her brave stand.

She has become the ‘poster child’ for the White Wednesdays movement, which encourages Iranian women and those who support their plight to take off their hijab, and was started by journalist and campaigner Masih Alinejad.

White is one of the most common colours of headscarves in Iran, which only allows ‘modest’ shades such as white, brown or black. 

Another campaign fighting against the enforced hijab in Iran set up by Ms Alinejad is My Stealthy Freedom. 

It is ‘dedicated to Iranian women inside the country who want to share their “stealthily” taken photos without the veil’, and aim to be a ‘living archive’ of their fight.

Movement: Supporters have been sharing graphic illustrations of the Girl of Enghelab Street, painting a picture of her as an iconic fighter for women's rights in Iran

Movement: Supporters have been sharing graphic illustrations of the Girl of Enghelab Street, painting a picture of her as an iconic fighter for women's rights in Iran

Movement: Supporters have been sharing graphic illustrations of the Girl of Enghelab Street, painting a picture of her as an iconic fighter for women’s rights in Iran

It sees women post ‘stealth’ photos or videos of themselves where they have dared to take off their hijab, to spread the message and protest. 

Some women film themselves walking down public streets without their headscarf to show to the world the amount of abuse they face if they dare show their hair. 

Since the 1979 revolution, Iran has required women to wear the Islamic headscarf in public.

The Islamic code also forbids women touching, dancing or singing with men outside their families.

Women are only allowed to show their face, hands and feet in public and are supposed to wear only modest colours. 

Leader: The Girl of Enghelab Street is being depicted as Moses in the Bible, parting the Red Sea

Leader: The Girl of Enghelab Street is being depicted as Moses in the Bible, parting the Red Sea

Leader: The Girl of Enghelab Street is being depicted as Moses in the Bible, parting the Red Sea

This image shared on social media shows a person in an unknown location having built a snow statue of the Girl of Enghelab Street

This image shared on social media shows a person in an unknown location having built a snow statue of the Girl of Enghelab Street

This image shared on social media shows a person in an unknown location having built a snow statue of the Girl of Enghelab Street

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