Crisis in the Horn of Africa: Somalia’s Famine

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About 10 years ago, in November 2006, Al Jazeera English was launched. To mark that anniversary, we’ve created REWIND, which updates some of the channel’s most memorable and award-winning documentaries of the past decade. We find out what happened to some of the characters in those films and ask how the stories have developed in the years since our cameras left.

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Somalia Car Bomb Targets UN Convoy

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As stated by police officials, at least four people have been killed in a car bomb blast next to a UN convoy in Somalia’s capital.
The bomb exploded as the convoy travelled along the road near the airport in Mogadishu, police stated.
It was also gathered that a second blast targeted African Union (AU) troops about 25km (15 miles) from the city, but details are sketchy.
Al-Shabab, linked to al-Qaeda, has often carried out attacks in Somalia and neighbouring Kenya.
The United Nations and the British and Italian embassy compounds are based near Mogadishu’s heavily fortified airport.
“The explosion was very big and there is smoke all around the area. I can hardly see people lying on the ground, either dead or wounded,” a witness told AFP news agency.
Police said at least four people, including a Somali intelligence officer, were killed and about 10 others were wounded in the blast.
The UN has not reported any casualties among its staff.
Its security personnel were at the site, inspecting the wreckage, according to a source.
On the other hand, the explosion targeting AU troops took place in Lafole village, south of Mogadishu.
The AU has some 22,000 troops helping the weak and divided Somali government battle al-Shabab.
The UN has no troops in Somalia, and says it staff are involved in political activities aimed at helping the government achieve stability.

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Al Shabaab Claims Responsibility For Suicide Bomb That Killed 16 In Somalia Restaurant

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At least 16 people have been killed and more than 30 injured after a suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowded restaurant in the central Somali town of Beledweyne.The Islamist militant group al-Shabab has said it carried out the attack.The Somali government, backed by troops from several African countries, is fighting al-Shabab for control of the country.Al-Shabab said its target was Ethiopian and Djiboutian soldiers in Beledweyne.The bombing occurred at a tea shop popular with the troops in Beledweyne, 300km (185 miles) north of the capital, Mogadishu, close to the border with Ethiopia.”Our main target was Ethiopian and Djibouti troops who invaded our country,” Sheikh Abdiasis Abu Musab, al-Shabab’s military operations spokesman, stated.But witnesses, including a Somali MP in Beledweyne, Dahir Amin Jessow, have told the BBC that most of those killed were civilians.”There is a lack of medicine in the hospital and they can’t cope with the flood of wounded patients, so we asked the central government to send us planes to evacuate patients,” Mr. Jessow said by phone.Al-Shabab militants have been driven out of Somalia’s major towns, including Mogadishu and the key southern port of Kismayo, by a UN-mandated African Union force of some 18,000 soldiers.But the militants still control large parts of southern Somalia.Last month, the group claimed the attack on the Westgate shopping centre in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi, in which 67 people died during a four-day siege. It said it staged the attack in response to Kenya’s army carrying out operations on Somali territory.

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